Cancer – this is our focus this week. In a special report (the first of several) at Nature Middle East, this week we are putting cancer in the Arab World under the spotlight. Our editorial will set you off on where the problem lies: we have a serious problem, but there’s little we actually know about it. Doctors are basically stumbling in the dark trying to fend off an unseen enemy. For example, some researchers suspect that Arab women may be getting a more aggressive form of breast cancer than their Western counterparts. But without proper registries in Arab states, we cannot really be sure. Genetic studies are already showing links between cancer and common diseases in the region, such as diabetes.