Twenty cases have been reported since the beginning of July, but the presence of ebola virus was not officially confirmed until last week, by the Uganda Virus Research Institute (UVRI) in Entebbe.
Today, after the virus spread to the capital, Kampala, Ugandan president Yoweri Museveni told people to avoid physical contact. There’s no treatment or vaccine against the virus, which is transmitted by direct contact with body fluids.
According to the UVRI, this outbreak involves the Sudan subtype of the virus, which in a 2000–01 Ugandan outbreak killed 224 people — 53% of identified cases (a typically high fatality rate). The World Health Organization and the US Centers for Disease Control don’t yet have confirmation of that diagnosis, however.