We published another double header yesterday, this time on the role of particular cell types in visual responses. Both studies describe the effect of optogenetically manipulating various interneuron classes in mouse visual cortex. The papers are Lee et al. from Yang Dan‘s lab and Wilson et al. from Mriganka Sur‘s labs. And in fact, both were preceded by Atallah et al. from Massimo Scanziani’s lab, which appeared in Neuron earlier this year. Which means a bonanza of data on the effects of activating parvalbumin-expressing interneurons, and also a bonanza of different conclusions about their exact role – everyone comes to slightly different conclusions.