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    Anne Churchland said:

    Recent advances in techniques like optogenetics and imaging have made rodents an appealing model system for neuroscience. Although I doubt that rodent research will displace primate research, it does have the potential to augment it considerably. However, in order for rodent research to be successful in connecting behavior to its underlying mechanisms, the field must generate solid behavioral paradigms. In primates, the success of awake electrophysiology experiments in extrastriate, parietal, and frontal cortex relied on carefully developed psychophysical paradigms. Indeed, many paradigms were developed in tandem with human volunteers and monkeys to ensure that the behavior was similar in the two species and was robust to many different manipulations. If the tradition of collecting well-controlled behavior at psychophysical threshold can be extended to rodents, and I think it can, that field will be in a strong position to drive forward our understanding of perception, decision-making, and attention.